Clean drinking water is one of the most important things to the human population. Without clean drinking water sanitation and health will be affected in the people in the area. Every day pollutants are introduced to water sources such as lakes, rivers, and streams. They come in from the disposal of waste to the area of water. Even if the contaminates are not put directly into the water, they can still make their way into the water causing pollution and unsanitary drinking conditions. Once these pollutants are introduced to the water it can take a very long time to clean, not to mention the high cost. Sometimes there is too much pollution to the area and the water can no longer be used for drinking water again. This is why it is so important to prevent pollution, especially in water sources used for drinking so that we can ensure we will always have safe water to drink. This is why it’s necessary to make laws for conserving and protecting sources of drinking water. Along with the protection it is also necessary to monitor the water quality, treat the water, and maintain it’s quality level while distributing. All this allow for drinking water to stay safe and affordable for people.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency or EPA is the main institution that is responsible for making sure that all drinking water is safe and all parts of the Safe Drinking Water Act are followed along with other laws to preserve the environment. They make sure all requirements are followed why every drinking water source. The EPA has created many programs to protect our drinking water sources such as the Ground Water Discharges (Underground Injection Control Program), Source Water Assessment Program, Wellhead Protection Program, and Sole Source Aquifer Program. The EPA uses these programs to make sure that all drinking water is safe and is kept safe by following all of these programs.
The EPA is also closely involved with the state drinking water protection programs across the United States to make sure water is kept safe in all 50 states. There are also several other organizations involved to help with drinking water protection that assist both the EPA and the state programs to protect the drinking water
The EPA is making an effort to educate United States citizens about protecting the drinking water and ways to prevent contamination. They have created videos and classroom materials to teach not only adults, but children as well. They create books at both the elementary and secondary level for education for all levels. Some of the techniques given to help protect the water include conserving water by turning it off to help prevent water shortages and reduce the treatment of contaminated waters, do not pour any chemicals or waste down the drain, use cleaning products that are environmentally friendly, do not overuse pesticides or fertilizers, and do not litter especially into water sources. All of these tips can help to keep water sources clean and drinking water safe.